Jesse Owens wins 4 Gold medals at the Berlin Olympics. 1930s History trivia quizzes. The prototypical superhero Phantom makes his first appearance. Who Were the Democratic Presidents of the United States? The Depression’s pain was felt worldwide, leading to World War II. Disney introduces the character of "Donald Duck" in the animated short "The Little Wise Hen.". 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade. The popular cartoon character "Betty Boop" makes her debut in "Dizzy Dishes.". Learn how the Nazis destroyed democracy, targeted minorities and political enemies, ... Students analyze a variety of firsthand accounts of Kristallnacht in order to piece together a story of what happened on that night. The 1930s, or the Thirties, was a decade that began on January 1, 1930 and ended on December 31, 1939. A European financial crisis (failure of German and Austrian banks) threatened to harm the UK’s financial system. Here are 17 rare photos that will remind you of what life was like in Alabama during the 1930s: We’re aware that these uncertain times are limiting many aspects of life. Scientists developed vaccines for crippling diseases like poliomyelitis (commonly known as polio), while new "sulfa" drugs promised therapy for a wide range of infections. The Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, also known as "The Rock," opens near San Francisco and is used to hold some of the more dangerous and well-known U.S. criminals. The fell was high if it is compared with the Great Recession, which occurred in 2008 until 2009 for the latter one declined less than 1 percent. Important Events in 1930 Jan 5 Mao Zedong writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire" Mar 12 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax Mar 13 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory Racism in 1930s The victorious chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel once said,” Hatred, racism, and extremism have no place in our society.” Although that might apply to the era we live in right now, 1930s was completely different from now because it was controlled by racism. Franklin Roosevelt dominated the decade and more with a presidency that saw us through that war and brought us many of the Great Society programs we have today. Year 1934, Stucco Bungalow, Oakland California , 5 room stucco bungalow , breakfast room , separate garage, delightful location, Shantytowns form consisting of wood and cardboard in the United States. The Jet Engine The Great Terror of political repression began in the Soviet Union. Unemployment in the United States reaches its highest level in the winter of 1932 / 1933 with nearly 1 in 3 people unemployed. The Thirties saw the growth of Shanty Towns caused by the Great Depression, Dust Storms, Radical Politics Around The World, and what many consider an upside down world where bank robbers were seen as hero's not villains. The 1930s Medicine and Health: OverviewMajor developments in the field of medicine and health occurred during the 1930s. The first commercial flight over the Atlantic took place. Strong winds strip the topsoil from the drought affected farms in the Midwest. Emergency Relief Appropriation Act creates the WPA or Works Progress Administration to provide millions of jobs. The Christ the Redeemer monument was built in Rio de Janeiro. Then, in the early 1930s, the economy was struck by depression. 1931 was a pivotal year for the UK economy. Many of the items listed for each year are linked to further information in the form of images, audio, and video. But none of that can account for what happened in the single year of 1930. Most everyone living in Alabama during this time period were either farmers, steel workers or miners. Penguin produces their first paperback books, bringing affordable modern literature to the masses. The Canadian unemployment reached 27%. The continued increase in use of Radio for entertainment and the refinement of the Airplane for travel At the beginning of the 20s, Nebraska had 1.3 million people and there was one bank for every 1,000 people. Smoot-HawleyTariff bill is passed, raising duties on imports. How much do you know? The 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression in the United States and the rise of Nazi Germany in Europe. The Spanish Civil War begins during July and does not end until 1939. Notorious Scottsboro trial begins, exposing depth of Southern racism. To provide an estimate of inflation we have given a guide to the value of $100 US Dollars for the first year in the decade to the equivalent in today's money 1930 More than four million people are unemployed as a result of the Wall Street Crash of … Are you paying attention? Amelia Mary Earhart disappeared over the Pacific Ocean during a circumnavigation flight attempt.   In 1933, Prohibition was repealed. The Civil War novel "Gone With the Wind" was published. Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow die after a shoot out with FBI. Nov 18, 1929. And millions of other things. Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected as the President of the United States. Many felt the UK was overvalued and so Sterling was under pressure. Adolf Hitler and the Nazis waged a modern whirlwind campaign in 1930 unlike anything ever seen in Germany. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. 6  7  World trade plummeted 66% as measured in U.S. dollars between 1929 and 1934. In 1930 the average cost of new car was $640.00 and by 1939 was $700.00 More The beloved film starring Judy Garland "The Wizard of Oz" premieres. Timeline 1930s. 170 1930s History trivia questions to answer! Margaret Mitchell's epic Civil War novel "Gone With the Wind" is published. Prince Albert, the Duke of York, becomes King George VI of England in May. The 1930s Government, Politics, and Law: OverviewThe 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression, the biggest economic crisis the nation had ever known. “The Star Spangled Banner” officially becomes national anthem. Adolf Hitler announces the state sponsored "People's Car" - "Volkswagen". Seventy-five years ago, Spain's future hung in the balance--between the rising forces of fascism and the potential of a working-class revolution. 1930s. The fabled "Loch Ness Monster" is spotted in Scotland for the first time. 1932 President Roosevelt's Revenue Act (Wealth Tax Act) begins. Francis Scott Key's "Star Spangled Banner" is officially named the United States' national anthem. Australia becomes independent from England. Albert Einstein wrote a letter to FDR about building an. 26th … Choose a decade to start, scroll down to read more. There were many reasons for this, including: (i) influence of Marxism; (ii) apparent s… In the first photo above, we see Wrigley Field in approximately 1930, from www.Baseballpronewscast.com. US Neutrality Acts of the 1930s and the Lend-Lease Act, Timeline of World War II From 1939 to 1945, An Overview of the Key Events of World War II, What Was the Atlantic Charter? Large Quake in Atlantic Brakes Transatlantic Cable in 28 places linkLarge Quake in … The fell of the global GDP was estimated around 15 percent in 1929 until 1932. FDR used the money to help pay for the New Deal. Germany attacks Poland starting World War II. New anesthetics made surgery safer and less painful. Transforming Germany in the 1930s Holocaust. The RMS Queen Mary made her maiden voyage. Japan experienced the deepest economic downturn in modern history during 1930-32. The 21st Amendment is passed repealing the 18th Amendment ending prohibition of alcohol. If you have $100 Converted from 1930 to 2005 it would be equivalent to $1204.42 today "If You Had 1 billion dollars then it would now be worth 12 billion dollars." During the 1930s, life in Alabama was much different than it is today. The First Photocopier Invented but not commercial available till 1948 Panicked government leaders passed the Smoot-Hawley tariff in 1930 to protect domestic industries and jobs, but it actually worsened the issue. Play our quiz games to test your knowledge. 1930s Historical Events Timeline created by antoniopeak57. Dictator Francisco Franco conquers Madrid ending the Spanish Civil War. The BBC broadcasts a wider range of Television Programmes until the Outbreak of War in 1939 and TV stays off the air until 1946 , many of the technical staff are used during for the development of Radar for the war effort The machine gun is demonstrated by a Japanese scientist. The 1930s timeline provides a multimedia list of the decade's events. The Memorial Day Massacre takes place in Chicago. The German unemployment rate reached nearly 30%. Nine black teens and young men known as the. The credibility of the opposition diminished following Steinbeck's receipt of the 40. Unlike economic crises of the past, the Great Depression was long lasting and touched almost every area of American life. However unemployment fell substantially in … The Great Depression influences economies worldwide. The 30's also provided a strange phenomenon never repeated where bank robbers and murderers were thought of as celebrities ( a sort of modern Robin Hood ) which in truthfulness they did not rob from the rich to give to the poor just to rob and murder any who got in their way. The 1930s were humanity's darkest, bloodiest hour. "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" made its debut as the first full-length animated feature. King Edward VIII abdicates to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson. Due to poverty around the world, political extremism including Fascism, Nazism, and extreme Communism gains followers. In 1930 average new house cost $7,145.00 and by 1939 was $3,800.00 More Source for information on The 1930s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview: U*X*L American Decades dictionary. The popular cartoon character Betty Boop made her debut. They are often referred to in history as Hoovertowns after President Hoover, The 30's were a time when the depression caused by the wall street crash in late 1929 caused the world to undergo a fundamental change in lifestyles , and as part of the change some new radical politics became popular as seen in the rise of Fascism, Nazism, and Stalinism. After the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the largest stock market crash in American history, most of the decade was consumed by an economic downfall called The Great Depression that had a traumatic effect worldwide. Mao Tse-tung began the Long March retreat in China​. In 1930 the average income per year was $1,970.00 and by 1939 was $1,730.00 Definition and 8 Points, Hoovervilles: Homeless Camps of the Great Depression, How the Great Depression Altered US Foreign Policy, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, Germany issued the Anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws, "The War of the Worlds" caused widespread panic, The Night of Broken Glass (Kristallnacht), Nazis began its euthanasia program (Aktion T-4), B.A., History, University of California at Davis, President Herbert Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff bill, raising tariffs on imports. After the fast pace of technology change in the 20's the 30's did still see some advances including De Agostini Picture Library / Getty Images, Hulton-Deutsch Collection / CORBIS / Corbis via Getty Images, 10 of the Most Influential Presidents of the United States. 1930s he published a series of critically acclaimed novels, each set in California's central ust still landowners launched a campaign to extend the ban to other counties. Lou Gehrig retires from Major League Baseball after being diagnosed with ALS. The first Volkswagen Beetle came off the production line. 8. The gangster known as Ma Barker and a son were killed in a shootout with police, and Sen. Huey Long was shot in the Louisiana Capitol Building. Roosevelt.). Read more about some of the breaking news events of the 1930s. Legendary player Babe Ruth retires from the sport of baseball after hitting his 714th home-run. The massive hitting that year resulted in scores that looked more like football scores than baseball scores. Notorious gangster Al Capone is convicted of Income Tax Evasion. As farmers left in search of work, they became homeless. The first public television broadcasts begin in London. Parker Brothers introduced the iconic board game Monopoly, and Penguin brought out the first paperback books. (They were lowered four years later under President Franklin D. The United Kingdom's "999" Emergency Telephone Service begins operations. Gangster Al Capone sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion (freed in 1939; dies in 1947). The 1930s marked the high point of Japan’s pre-World War II empire, when Imperial Japan’s territory stretched from mainland China to Micronesia. First `` Superman '' comic is issued by Action Comics `` Volkswagen '' Communism gains.... Credibility of the Century. `` 1930s were dominated by the start of 1933 unemployment in winter! 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